The Right to Strike in the Context of Wind Turbine Maintenance and Repair Services

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In the realm of employment law, the right to strike represents a fundamental aspect of labor rights, serving as a crucial tool for workers to advocate for better working conditions, wages, and other employment terms. However, this right is not absolute and may be subject to certain limitations, particularly when it comes to sectors deemed as providing essential services. This article delves into the legal intricacies surrounding the right to strike within the context of maintaining and repairing wind turbines, a vital component of renewable energy infrastructure, examining whether this activity falls under the categories outlined in Article 9 of the Strike Law, which imposes specific conditions for the exercise of this right.

Legal Framework

The Strike Law (Official Gazette of the FR Yugoslavia, No. 29/96 and Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, Nos. 101/2005 – other laws and 103/2012 – constitutional court decision) specifies the conditions under which employees in certain sectors may exercise their right to strike. According to Article 9, in industries of public interest or those whose work stoppage could endanger human life and health or cause significant damage, the right to strike can only be exercised under special conditions set forth by the law.

Public Interest and Potential Harm

The definition of public interest within the law encompasses services provided by employers in fields such as electricity, water management, transportation, broadcasting, postal services, communal activities, basic food production, healthcare, education, childcare, and social welfare. Additionally, activities crucial for the defense and security of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, as determined by competent authorities according to federal law, along with obligations stemming from international commitments, fall under this category.

Regarding potential harm, industries where work stoppages could pose risks to life and health or cause significant damage include the chemical industry and the steel and metals industries. These definitions underscore the law’s intent to ensure continuous service provision in areas critical to public welfare and safety.

Application to Wind Turbine Maintenance and Repair

Given the legal backdrop, the maintenance and repair of wind turbines, essential for the production of electric energy, arguably fall within the scope of activities covered by the special conditions for striking outlined in Article 9. Wind power, as a renewable energy source, is increasingly integral to national energy grids, contributing to energy security, environmental protection, and the transition towards sustainable energy sources.

The Law on Energy (Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, Nos. 145/2014, 95/2018 – other laws, 40/2021, 35/2023 – other laws, and 62/2023) further clarifies this position. It mandates that energy entities holding a license to perform energy activities may be obligated to provide public services ensuring supply security, quality, and environmental protection. Consequently, employees in the wind energy sector, tasked with the maintenance and repair of turbines, are subject to the strike regulations applicable to industries of public interest, considering the critical nature of their work in ensuring uninterrupted energy production.


The analysis indicates that the maintenance and repair activities associated with wind turbines are indeed subject to the special conditions for striking as outlined in the Strike Law. This classification stems from the essential role these activities play in the broader energy sector, which is deemed of public interest due to its critical impact on public welfare, safety, and the environment. Therefore, employees engaged in these tasks must navigate the legal stipulations carefully when considering strike actions, balancing their rights against the imperative to maintain continuous and safe energy production.

This nuanced approach highlights the evolving nature of labor law as it intersects with the strategic importance of renewable energy, underscoring the need for legal frameworks that both protect workers’ rights and ensure the resilience of essential public services.

energy sector law, essential services, Labor law, public interest, public service obligations, renewable energy, right to strike, strike law conditions, wind turbine maintenance, worker rights

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