The National Assembly adopted the new Law on Medical Insurance
On 03. April, 2019, the National Assembly of the Republic of the Serbia adopted the Law on Medical Insurance (“Law”), published in the Official Gazette No. 25/2019 dated 03 April, 2019, effective eight days after publishing in the Official Gazette, on 11 April, 2019.
The Law preserves existing insurance grounds as well as the existing compulsory insurance entitlements, new insurance grounds have been added as well. The Law also established priority insurance ground in case when one person meets the requirements on several insurance grounds, as well as the possibility for the person to select insurance ground in such case. In addition, in a more precise way are regulated entitlements deriving from compulsory health insurance. Entitlements of insured person have been extended by providing all adult insured persons with a right to preventive and other checkups regarding the family planning, not just women. In addition to other changes the legislator has enabled persons who, on the day of entry into force of the Law, did not replace the insurance verification with an insurance document issued according to the regulations of the previous law can exercises their compulsory insurance entitlement until the replacement, but no later than December 31, 2020. In the implementation of the control of the contracts concluded between National Health Insurance Fund and health care service providers the legislator introduced a two-step procedure, as well as the possibility of conducting an administrative dispute, which were not previously envisaged.
The reason for the adoption of the new Law is that the still effective law was adopted in 2005. Due to the need for its change, it was concluded that wouldn’t be rational, for which reason the new text of the Law on Medical Insurance was adopted. Adoption of the Law was necessary in order to harmonize the medial insurance system with modern achievements in the field. In addition, it was necessary to provide a more active role of the Ministry of Health and responsible Minister in the adoption of bylaws for the implementation of the Law.