Resolving Shareholder Disputes in IT and Tech Companies in Serbia: Common Causes and Solutions

In today’s digital age, the information technology (IT) and tech industries are thriving, attracting investors and entrepreneurs alike.

However, as these sectors grow, so do the complexities and potential for shareholder disputes.

In Serbia, resolving these disputes is vital to maintain a healthy business environment and foster innovation.

In this article, we will explore some common causes of shareholder disputes in IT and tech companies in Serbia and discuss the mechanisms for resolving them.

Common Causes of Shareholder Disputes in IT and Tech Companies we have witnessed or seen so far are:

  1. Differing Visions and Strategies: One of the primary causes of shareholder disputes in IT and tech companies is divergent visions and strategies among shareholders. This can arise when stakeholders have varying opinions on the company’s direction, product development, or market expansion.
  2. Ownership and Equity Issues: Disputes may also occur due to disagreements over ownership percentages and equity distribution. This often arises when initial agreements lack clarity or when new investors enter the picture.
  3. Management Decisions: Shareholders may clash over management decisions, especially when it comes to selecting key executives, project prioritization, or budget allocation.
  4. Profit Distribution: Dividing profits and determining dividends can be contentious, particularly when the company experiences rapid growth or faces financial challenges.
  5. Breach of Shareholder Agreements: Shareholder agreements are crucial for establishing the rules and responsibilities of each party. Disputes can arise when one party violates these agreements.
  6. Intellectual Property Disputes: IT and tech companies often deal with intellectual property rights. Disputes can arise over ownership, licensing, or misuse of intellectual property assets.
  7. Exit Strategies: Disagreements about exit strategies, such as selling the company or even going public when an offshore business/structure is the global one, can create tensions among shareholders, particularly when the timing or valuation is in question.

Resolving Shareholder Disputes in Serbia:

  1. Negotiation and Mediation: In many cases, disputes can be resolved amicably through negotiation or mediation. Shareholders can engage in discussions to find common ground and reach a mutually beneficial agreement. So far, this has been the most preferred and equally so successful  approach for AK STATT and its clients.
  2. Shareholder Agreements: Well-drafted shareholder agreements can prevent disputes from arising in the first place. These agreements should outline the rights and responsibilities of each shareholder and provide a clear roadmap for conflict resolution. So far, this has been regular practice for AK STATT and its clients, especially with promising start-ups with a lot of potential.
  3. Legal Counsel: Engaging legal counsel with expertise and experience in Serbian corporate law and the IT sector is crucial. They can provide guidance on the most suitable dispute resolution method and ensure compliance with local regulations.
  4. Litigation: If other methods fail, shareholders can resort to litigation through Serbian courts. However, this process can be time-consuming and costly, making it the last resort.
  5. Arbitration: Shareholders can opt for arbitration, a more formal process where a neutral third party reviews the dispute and makes a binding decision. This method often saves time and maintains confidentiality. But, parties lose control over the process and end result of their own dispute. It can be quite costly too.
  6. ADR Mechanisms: Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) mechanisms, such as expert determination or adjudication, offer efficient and tailored solutions for tech companies facing complex disputes.


In the dynamic IT and tech sector in Serbia, shareholder disputes are an unfortunate reality.

However, with careful planning, transparent agreements, and a willingness to explore various dispute resolution mechanisms, these conflicts can be managed effectively, and even avoided by taking preventive measures such as having proper and timely shareholders agreements in place.

It’s essential for all stakeholders to prioritize open communication, adhere to legal frameworks, and seek professional guidance when necessary to ensure the continued success of their ventures.

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